The Amazon rainforest is called the
largest forest in the world. It is also the last remaining big space covered with tropical plants and animals. The Amazon forest territory is a tropical rainforest that is located
in the northern side of the South American continent and is shared by nine
countries: mainly Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guiana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The largest
part is located in Brazil (60%) and covers almost half of that country. The space covered with the forest is
5.5 million square kilometers (3.4 million square miles).
The Rainforest is a nickname that describes the humidity that we can find in
tropical and equatorial forests, but it doesn't rain all the time. Tropical rainforests are always located
near the equator, and are very hot. All this heat associated with great portions of water make a lot of evaporation into the air. The forest also helps to retain water in their branches, roots and soil.
All of this makes these forests very humid and there's a well defined rainy season
that works towards the establishment of this nickname for tropical and equatorial forests. All this heat, rain and
humidity make these forests a very rich ecosystem or habitat for many organisms. A rainforest has trees, like any other forest, but they are very different from the
temperate forest we are used to seeing in colder places like in US, Europe and parts of Asia.
There are 120 foot trees, thousands of different species of plants, and all sort
of rainforest animals including the red eyed tree frog, insects, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. The
rainforest canopy is home to thousands of animal species. The bio diversity one can experience here is
unparalleled. And the most amazing part is that all this apparent chaos is actually a very balanced system, a
product of million of years of evolution and natural selection.
The Amazon is a huge and very complex place where
nature created a unique set of biological and geological cycles, hardly seen in other places, and where mankind developed
different cultures, languages, and art. The mysteries and awe around the Amazon jungle is something we should
know and need to protect.