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Amazon Rainforest


 theamazonrainforestsite The Amazon rainforest is called the largest forest in the world. It is also the last remaining big space covered with tropical plants and animals. The Amazon forest territory is a tropical rainforest that is located in the northern side of the South American continent and is shared by nine countries: mainly Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guiana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The largest part is located in Brazil (60%) and covers almost half of that country. The space covered with the forest is 5.5 million square kilometers (3.4 million square miles).

The Rainforest is a nickname that describes the humidity that we can find in tropical and equatorial forests, but it doesn't rain all the time.  Tropical rainforests are always located near the equator, and are very hot. All this heat associated with great portions of water make a lot of evaporation into the air. The forest also helps to retain water in their branches, roots and soil.

All of this makes these forests very humid and there's a well defined rainy season that works towards the establishment of this nickname for tropical and equatorial forests. All this heat, rain and humidity make these forests a very rich ecosystem or habitat for many organisms. A rainforest has trees, like any other forest, but they are very different from the temperate forest we are used to seeing in colder places like in US, Europe and parts of Asia.

There are 120 foot trees, thousands of different species of plants, and all sort of rainforest animals including the red eyed tree frog, insects, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. The rainforest canopy is home to thousands of animal species.  The bio diversity one can experience here is unparalleled. And the most amazing part is that all this apparent chaos is actually a very balanced system, a product of million of years of evolution and natural selection.


The Amazon is a huge and very complex place where nature created a unique set of biological and geological cycles, hardly seen in other places, and where mankind developed different cultures, languages, and art. The mysteries and awe around the Amazon jungle is something we should know and need to protect.


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